‘One of the two or three most complicated words in the English language’ because it is ‘used for I’m potent concepts in several distinct intellectual disciplines and in several distinct and incompatible systems of thought’. (William, 1983)
Culture is not something individual, is something in a society and community. ‘Culture’ combined thought, experiences, values and behaviours, concepts, and the developed assumption regarding life which affect our behaviour’ (Jandt 2012) – set of characteristics that unify a group of people.
Four categories: (British Culture)
Symbols – Royal family, flag, fish and chips, Big Bang
Rituals – Sunday roast, afternoon tea, Pancake day, Poppy day, pop culture, christmas, football
Values – Class system
Heroes – Shorlock Holmes, 007 James Bond
Subculture: A cultural group within a larger culture, often having beliefs or interests at variance with those of the larger culture.
A subculture functions like a culture, in that it is often generated by a relatively large number of members, and it represents the totality of their shared interests and beliefs. Subcultures exist within a dominant culture, and can be based on specific tastes, music , activities, values, class, ethnicity or geographic region.
Subculture can be defined by four elements:
Subcultural capital: judgement in a form of subcultural reading which determine involvement
Elements differing from mainstream culture:
-Fashion, clothing style, fabrics
-Hair, makeup, jewellery, accessories
-Mannerisms and language
‘Moral panic’ eg, the free festival/ Rave subculture
Criminal Justice and public order act 1994
Revolt into style?
Recuperation a process (in mass media/ bourgeois society/ capitalism) in which a radical idea is absorbed, ‘ neutralised’ (removing the ‘radicalness’) and turned into something conventional.
How many subcultures can you name?
What are the important subcultures today?
Why do people join a subculture? If you have been part f a subculture, what drew you to it/ what made you leave?
Is style politically important?
Are there any significant points of resistance in our culture, or is consumer capitalism all there will now ever be?